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Digital Engineering & Advisory

Artificial intelligence vs human intelligence – a competition or collaboration?

The question between artificial intelligence and human intelligence is not a matter of ‘who will win?’ but how are they connected, and how will they co-exist? 

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a term used to describe “intelligence” demonstrated by machines. AI programs may mimic or simulate cognitive behaviours or traits associated with human intelligence such as reasoning, problem solving and learning.

Depending on how and if we use it, the future of businesses and the human workforce can be potentially transformed and disrupted by AI as it rapidly evolves, enabling robots and machines to perform the tasks that humans do. From the automation of mundane repetitive tasks to making complex decisions, the opportunities offered by AI can lead us in a variety of directions. As we continue to unlock the potential of AI, we will be changing the way the world works fundamentally and forever.

This emerging technological advancement raises the question: what is (or will be) left for humans to do? If robots and machines can do our jobs in the future, the same way we do them or even better, where do humans fit in the equation?

Understanding the present state of AI capability (or limitations of) and speed of development, computing power and associated resources, it is critical to consider the possible implications and opportunities of AI, as well as actively shape the development and application of these technologies in a way that better serves humanity rather than negatively impacting it. 

Impacts of AI on future of jobs, economy and the workforce

Artificial Intelligence Workforce

  1. Automation of tasks
    The most evident impact of AI is the consequence of the automation of tasks across a broad range of industries, transformed from manual to digital. Tasks or roles that include a degree of repetition or the consumption and interpretation of vast amounts of data are now delivered and processed by a computer, sometimes not needing the intervention of humans.

  2. Welcome new opportunities
    As AI and machine learning execute the manual tasks that humans used to perform, it opens up and breeds new industries and opportunities for the workforce. Digital engineering is an example of an emerging profession that resulted from the rapid development of technology, and it is still evolving. So, while old manual tasks may be out, new jobs and professions will be emerging.

  3. Economic growth model
    When used with a purpose and not for technology’s sake, AI can unlock tons of opportunities for businesses and improve productivity and participation within the organisation. This, in turn, can result in an increase in demand for products and services and drive an economic growth model that delivers and improves the quality of living.

  4. More room for creativity and innovation
    With robots, AI, and automation taking some of the mundane and manual tasks out of our hands, professionals have more time to focus in thinking, delivering creative and innovative solutions, and actions that are beyond the reach of AI and are squarely in the domain of human intelligence. 

  5. Role of work
    In the age of AI, understanding the function of work beyond merely sustaining a standard of living is even more important. It becomes a reflection of the fundamental human need for participation, co-creation, contribution, and a sense of being needed; and thus, must not be overlooked. So, in some way, even the ordinary and dull tasks at work become valuable and worthwhile, and if it is removed or has been automated, it should be replaced with something that provides the same opportunity for human expression and discovery.

What role does AI play in a human world?

AI technologies are constructed by mathematical processes that leverage increasing computing power to deliver faster and more accurate models and forecasts of operational systems, or enhanced representations and combinations of large data sets.

However, while these advanced technologies can perform some tasks with higher efficiency and accuracy, human expertise still plays a critical role in designing and utilising AI technology. Human intelligence is what shapes the emergence and adoption of artificial intelligence and innovative solutions associated with it. It is human intelligence that seeks to ask ‘why’ and considers ‘what if’ through critical thinking.

As engineering design continues to be challenged by complex problems and quality of data, the need for human oversight, expertise and quality assurance is essential in using AI generated outputs.

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